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特稿|冬奥专栏——项目篇(2)

冬奥专栏

今日介绍大项“滑冰(Skating)”的3个分项——速度滑冰(SpeedSkating)、花样滑冰(Figure Skating)和短道速滑(Short Track),及另一大项“冬季两项(Biathlon)”。

A Brief Introduction to

Winter Olympic Sports (II)

冬奥会运动项目简介(中)

译/孟洁冰

Speed Skating

速度滑冰

Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in travelling a certain distance on skates. Types of speed skat­ing are long track speed skating, short track speed skating, and marathon speed skating. In the Olympic Games, long-track speed skating is usually referred to as just “speed skating”, while short-track speed skating is known as “short track”.

速度滑冰是一项竞速类滑冰比赛,选手穿着冰鞋滑行一段距离后,需要相互交换赛道。速度滑冰的比赛包括长距离比赛、短距离比赛和马拉松比赛。在奥运会上,长距离比赛通常称为“速度滑冰”,而短距离比赛称为“短道速滑”。

Speed skating appeared for the first time in 1924 at the first Olympic Win­ter Games in Chamonix. Initially, only men were allowed to participate. It was only at the Lake Placid Games in 1932 that women were authorised to compete in speed skating, which was then only a demonstration sport. It was not until the 1960 Games in Squaw Valley that women’s speed skating was officially included in the Olympic programme.

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