1. The enemy/敌人 #4816
With regard to defence, the purpose of themilitary is to defend the nation and be prepared to do battles with its enemy.
How do you do battle with your enemy?
The idea is to destroy the enemy’sproductive capacity, and depending upon the economic foundation, that theproductive capacity is different in each case.
So in the agrarian era, if you need todestroy the enemy’s productive capacity, what you want to do is bum his fields,or if you’re really vicious, salt them.
But in the industrial era destroying theenemy’s productive capacity means bombing the factories which are located inthe cities.
Now in the information era, destroying theenemy’s productive capacity means destroying the information infrastructure.
2. A study/一项研究 #4405
回忆要点：考到一个新题： 1.讲一种什么理论还是study 2 .the accepted view by xxx (出现一个人名）说的 3.he goes on 说xxx 4.但他说的这些有些没保存起来可能回忆有偏差，但觉得排得没问题
3. Sydney's New Year Fireworks/悉尼的新年焰火 #536
Fireworks and special effects, including ared “waterfall” from the bridge base, will turn the structure built in 1932into a giant Aboriginal flag shortly after the sun sets for the last time in2015.
"It's about how we're all so affectedby the harbor and its surrounds, how special it is to all of us and how itmoves us," said the Welcome to Country's creative director, Rhoda Roberts.
From 8:40 pm, the bridge will be turnedinto a canvas showing the Welcome to Country ceremony.
Fireworks and special effects will alsoturn the bridge into a giant Aboriginal flag before the 9 pm fireworks display.
4. Immigration effect/移民效应 #549
In the early years of the twenty-firstcentury, the impact of immigrants on the welfare state has become a staple ofdiscussion among policymakers and politicians.
It is also a recurrent theme in the press,from the highbrow pages of the prospect to the populism of the Daily Mail.
Inevitably, these discussions focus onpresent-day dilemmas.
But the issues themselves are not new andhave historical roots that go much deeper than have been acknowledged.
5. Fostering a Child/抚养孩子 #545
According to the Australian Institute ofFamily Studies in 2014 a 11 old boy was unable to live with his family, due tochild abuse.
But upbringing in the foster care systemmeans he has no-one to help him. It's not his fault, yet he is being penalizedfor something he can't change.
He went to two schools while he was infoster care and one was Barr Beacon School, formerly Barr Beacon LanguageCollege, is a mixed comprehensive for foster children.
Children like him involved with childprotective services were shown to have consistently low average math andreading standardized test scores.
One of the recommendations was to send himto his relatives who were willing to take care until he was 18. This resulted apositive outcome in academic achievement.
6. Cropping/庄稼 #2173
回忆要点：as long as humanstart cropping, they try to protect their harvest. 4,500 years ago, XX usedSulphur as the pesticide start the first pesticide, we have all kinds of tokill insects improve efficiency every dollar invest now on pesticides cangenerate XX
7. Writing/写作 #1724
回忆要点：1.先是說人類通過sign and draw 還有其他來溝通, 2.然後 writing, however,has long history, not exist until sign and draw… writer’s thought, 3.還有兩句講 the story of xx. 4.This story is also fascinating to me
8. Thinking about knowledge/思考知识 #4429
回忆要点：1,学生在学习和考试的时候会思考学过的知识。2,学生在写作的时候也会思考学过 的知识。3,老师在网上开设一些讨论。 4,这样学生就可以留言并复习学到的知识了。排序的大概思路是1和2先提观点，3和4举例。有考过的同学吗？确认一下顺序
9. Earth-like planets/类地行星 #1528
A team of scientists has discovered twoEarth-like planets in the habitable orbit of a Sun-like star.
Using observations gathered by NASA'sKepler Mission, the team found five planets orbiting a Sun-like star calledKepler-62.
Four of these planets are so-calledsuper-Earths, larger than our planet, but smaller than even the smallest icegiant planet in our Solar System.
These new super-Earths have radii of 1.31.4 1.6 and 1.9 times that of Earth.
In addition, one of the five was a roughlyMars-sized planet, half the size of Earth.
10. Product/产品 #3526
回忆要点：是新的 是讲从产品创意，到原型，到产品。四句话，两句很长，两句很短。下边没有排序哈 1.So how to transfer prototype into product？2.But from idea to ..?3.很长，说了从idea套prototype,从prototype….4.前面很长一句，忘了, ….I still agree with both?
11. Internet/网络 #3691
Decades ago, we connected computers and gottoday’s powerful Internet.
In the last few years, we started toconnect everyday objects using machine-to-machine (M2M) technologies, to createthe Internet of Things.
But what does this really mean to you, yourcompany and your country?
What are the possibilities it offers, andthe threats it poses?
12. Drugs and regulations/药品及其管制 #567
A person or company located in New SouthWales may not supply by wholesales any substance which is for their therapeuticuse and included in Schedule 2 of the Poisons List.
Unless they are licensed or authorised todo so under the Poisons and Therapeutic Goods Regulation 2002, no one maysupply these Schedule 2 substances.
Additionally, wholesales have an obligationto ensure that the persons or companies they supply are licensed or authorised,to obtain, use, supply or possess the substance.
Any breach of these regulations will resultin immediate termination employment
13. The ability to write/写作能力 #564
回忆要点：1. 人类的很多能力都知道从什么时候开始的（there are many forms for interaction） 2. 但 writing的能力不知道从什么时候开始的（written language definition） 3.然后writing的能力大概是从什么时候开始的（startingtime） 4. 找了个人举例（specification）
14. Brazil's Rainforests/巴西的热带雨林 #1738
回忆要点：1. 从 1980s 开始，巴西的热带雨林就开始出现旱灾drought，巴西的热带雨林由于植被退化数量正在锐减.2. Deforestation 引起了气候变换 climatechange. 3. 科学家预测 climate change 还会带来其他的 consequences. 4. 这样的consequences 就包括 drought.
15. Ancestors of Human/人类祖先 #1781
回忆要点：最早的时候人类没有火源，活得很惨 举例说明怎么个惨法：例如吃生的食物，晚上睡觉很冷，还要担心有捕食者 后来发现了火源，生活改善了 举例说明有了火都能干啥了：sparkling and blazing开头的句子 科技进步带来了变化，但是也带来了危害，举了例子，到底是好还是坏不得而知
16.Ice age affect/冰河时代的影响 #5747
回忆要点：•scientists iceage affect •This change will affect arctic ecosystem •These changes are likelyto •for example, the UK ‘tourism and fishier
17. Karl Marx/卡尔马克思 #4124
Karl Marx is arguably the most of the mostfamous political philosopher of all time, but he was also one of the greatforeign correspondents of the nineteenth century.
During his 11 years writing for the NewYork Tribune - their collaboration began in 1852 -Marx tackled an abundance oftopics, from issues of class and the state to world affairs.
Particularly moving pieces' highlightsocial inequality and starvation in Britain, while others explore hisgroundbreaking views on the slave and opium trades - Marx believed Westernpowers relied on these and would stop at nothing to protect their interests.
Above all, Marx’s fresh perspective onnineteenth-century events encouraged his readers to think, and his writing issurprisingly relevant today.
18.Project report/项目报告 #4427
Earlier this year, researchers from DukeUniversity went to Gabon to monitor that country’s dwindling elephantpopulation. They took along three drones, which they planned to use to countthe elephants, follow their herds, and map their migrations.
Only things didn’t exactly go as planned.
The elephants noticed the drones, whichhovered anywhere from 25 feet to 300 feet above them. And it wasn't just thatthe elephants noticed them; in many cases, the elephants were clearly agitated.Some of them took off running. In at least one case, an elephant used her trunkto hurl mud in the drone’s direction. “She had her baby with her,55 said MissyCummings, the director of Duke’s Robotics Lab.
The elephants reacted so strongly, theresearchers believe, because drones, it turns out, sound a lot like bees. Andelephants do not like bees. At all.
回忆要点：排的第一个是介绍一个什么类似物质？或者一种状态…（V开头，不影响排序）第二个是提出一个问题 问题what打头（问题好像有两个整个选项文章最长 不太确定 ） 第三个提到如果是在生理学上来说…………（失忆） 第四个是如果生理学家会怎么样怎么样 （因为生理学家/心理学家/物理学家有点像这个词意思不重要 时间紧迫没仔细看………）文中有提到如果把这个东西和chemical联系起来又不相关…… 大意是这样 请问有人考过这题吗 不难排序。
1. Action and words/言行 #1768
action speaks louder than words. It’s better to start acting on your beliefs than just talking about it.Discuss this view and give your own opinions?
2. Celebrities/名流 #2167
Is imitating celebrities in sports andmovies good or bad?
3. Accomplishing goals/完成目标 #475
Do you think the place where a person grewup helps him/her in accomplishing goals in life? Give an example of a famousperson to explain it.
4. Environment pollution/环境污染 #472
Write about environment pollution. Who isresponsible whether government, companies or industries?
5. Society Deserve High Priority/社会优先考虑 #1743
Current problems facing society deservehigh priority for funding rather than research for likely future issues. agreeor disagree?
6. Education/教育 #473
"The only thing that interfere with mylearning is my education" Einstein. What does he mean by that? And do youthink he is correct?
7. Limitation of cars/限制用车 #4314
Should individuals limit the use of carsand use alternatives instead to protect the environment.
8. Science or art/科学还是艺术？ #4146
Is science more important than art to thesociety?
9. Over-packaged products/过度包装的产品 #488
Do you think consumer should avoidover-packaged products or it is responsibility of producer to avoid extrapackaging of products? Give your views or any relevant example with your own experience.
10. Popular culture/流行文化 #4141
Some universities now offer degree courserelated to popular culture such as pop music and video gaming. Some peoplethink these subjects are valid. What is your opinion? Give some examples.
11. Generosity/慷慨 #2164
What does generosity mean to you?
12. Communicating in society/社会交往 #1746
Positive and negative impacts on the changeof means of communicating in society in the past 10 years
13. Advertisements in schools/校园广告 #2683
Some people think placing advertisements inschools is a great resource for public schools that need additional funding,but others think it exploits children by treating them as a captive audiencefor corporate sponsors. Choose which position you most agree with and discusswhy you chose that position. Support your point of view with details from yourown experiences, observations or reading.
14. New language/新语言 #480
Learning a new language at an early age ishelpful for children. Is it more positive for their future aspect or have someadverse effects?
15. Travel/旅行 #527
Some people believe one can be brilliantwithout leaving their local areas. To what extent do you think travel should bea component to improve education quality?
16. Advent of Internet/互联网的出现 #521
Does the advent of Internet change the roleof teacher? To what extent do you agree?
17. Car/汽车 #519
Some people suggest that each family shouldonly have one car and encourage alternative vehicle. Do you agree?
18. Communication/通信 #507
Communication has changed significantly inthe last 10 years. Discuss pros and cons impacts.
19. Belching and unauthorized behavior/打嗝与不当行为 #3610
The belching and unauthorized behavior isunacceptable in modern offices. How far you support this view? Give your responsewith justification.
20. Rubbish/垃圾 #2075
We have entered a throw-away society andfill the environment with rubbish. What are the causes and what are yoursolutions?
21. Repetitive routine/重复程序 #520
Some effective people like repetitiveroutine, such as eating the same food, do you like this way ?
22. Xenophobia/仇外心理 #2162
Xenophobia has accelerated rapidly in thewestern countries. According to you what solutions can be proposed bygovernment and individuals?
23. Bickering/口角 #3607
Nowadays, the bickering has common trendamongst youngsters and married people. This has led polygamy and high divorcerates. Justify the response with your positive or negative views.
24. Preserve the buildings/保护传统建筑 #1741
It is important to preserve the beautifulbuildings of past. Do you agree or disagree?
25. English/英语 #524
Do you think English will remain to be aglobal language despite globalization?
26. Sports and games/运动和游戏 #2161
Sports and games create disturbance instudents' life because students cannot fully concentrate on their studies. Towhat extent do you agree or disagree?
27. Educational purpose/教育目的 #528
Some people think educational purpose is tohave a better life in the future; others argue that its aim is only for aself-improvement. What is your opinion? Your essay should base on your ownexperiences and examples.
28. Motivation and practice/动机与实践 #516
With enough amounts of motivation andpractice, people can learn anything that the experts teach in the classroom.Agree or not.
29. Environment/环境 #501
The environment we live in is in danger dueto various problems. What are the underlying causes? Who is responsible tocombat this? What measures?
30. Industrial revolution/工业革命 #498
Do you believe that industrial revolutionwas the main factor for problems in developed nation?
31. Failure to achieve success/失败是成功之母 #2165
What is your view on the idea that it takesfailure to achieve success?
32. Theodore Roosevelt/西奥多·罗斯福 #3608
When you're at the end of your rope, tie aknot and hold on. How far do you agree with Theodore Roosevelt quote.
33. Cultural shock/文化冲击 #526
Cultural shock is a new worry concern forless immigration. What are the possible opinions to eradicate this issue?
34. Traditional subjects/传统学科 #3606
The traditional subjects are soon movingoff in last years? Kindly provide the solutions and ideas to save suchsubjects.
35. Social networking/社会交往 #2166
What are the positive and negative aspectsof the connection to outside world including mobile phone, email and socialnetworking?
36. Illiterate/文盲 #508
The illiterate of the 21st century will notbe those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, andrelearn. Agree or Disagree?
37. A group's ideology/群体意识形态 #510
"In a war of ideas, it is people whoget killed". Does a common man suffer from a group's ideology? Expressyour opinion, and support the same with reasons and examples.
38. Reliable learning source/可靠的学习来源 #4143
Students obtain academic information fromInternet, teacher, in printed books and articles, and discussion with peers.Which is the most reliable source?